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Creation Myth
Experted from "Micronesian Legends" by Bo Flood, Beret E. Strong, & William Flood
Nan Madol; courtesy of cbarros

A canoe came from beyond the horizon in search of the "Eaves of Heaven." Sapikini, a master canoe builder from the southern land of Eir, slipped away from home with seven men and nine women.

The people on his cane asked the wind to help them on their journey. they sailed until they met the octopus Litakika, who told them to follow the swells until they came to a submerged reef so long it began where the sun touched the sea at dawn and ended where it disappeared at dusk. The people called upon the gods to help them build a stone alter on this holy reef...

The people who sailed from far beyond the horizon finished their work. They stood together and watched as th eland beneath the alter spread and rose up to form an island with mountains and swamps. to honor the divinely blessed island, they named it Pohnpei, which means "upon a stone altar."

About Nan Madol

Read more about Nan Madol at: http://www.janeresture.com/micronesia_madol/
Nan Madol: The City Built on Coral Reefs by the Smithsonian (11/03/09): http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/Nan-Madol-The-City-Built-on-Coral-Reefs.html
Map of Nan Madol: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Map_FM-Nan_Madol.PNG

Pohnpei State, Federated States of Micronesia

Flag of Pohnpei; courtesy of Wikimedia

Map of Pohnpei (with former spelling) and two neighboring atolls, Ant and Pakin; courtesy of Wikimedia

Capital: Kolonia
Population: 34,486 (2000)[1]
Land Area: 345 sq km (133.2 sq mi)
Languages: Pohnpeian, English
Greetings: Kaselehlie / Kaselehlia (formal)(informal)

Kaselehlie Press (national newspaper): http://www.bild-art.de/kpress/

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Climate & Climate Impacts in FSM

FSM has two seasons -- a dry season from November to April and a wet season from May to October. The region sees very little seasonal variation in temperature, with only a 3 degree Fahrenheit difference between the average hottest and coolest months. The climate in FSM depends on three phenomena: the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), the West Pacific Monsoon, and El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO).

Climate varies from year to year due to ENSO, the a natural fluctuation between El Nino and La Nina that occurs across the tropical Pacific and affects weather globally. El Nino brings more rainfall during wet seasons and even less rainfall during dry seasons. La Nina brings above average rainfall during dry seasons. The West Pacific Monsoon is caused by large differences in temperature bwetween the land and the ocean. It tens to affects Chuuk and Yap more than Pohnpei and Kosrae, bringing more rain to east FSM during El Nino and less rain in a more western position during La Nina. The movement of the ITCZ -- a band of heavy rainfall caused by air rising over warm water over the equator -- affects rainfall in FSM. Wet season occurs when the ITCZ moves north closer to FSM. The ITCZ also results in less rainfall during El Nino and more during La Nina.[2]

Data shows that temperatures have increased in Pohnpei since 1952 (about 0.19 degrees Fahrenheit per decade), consistent with the global pattern of warming. There is also a clear decreasing trend in annual and wet season rainfall since 1950; however, there is no clear trend in dry season patterns. Satellite data indicates the sea level has risen in FSM by over 0.39 inches per year since 1993; although this higher rate of rise may be partially related to natural fluctuations caused by ENSO. Finally, ocean acidification increasing. Data shows that since the 18th century, the level of ocean acidification has been slowly increasing in FSM waters.[3]

Scientists are expecting that annual average air and sea surface temperatures will continue to increase by up to 1.8-1.9 degrees Fahrenheit. That means more very hot days and a decline in cooler weather. Rainfall patterns will continue to change -- while global climate models are not showing consistent results, scientists are expecting less frequent droughts and more extreme rainfall days more often. It is likely that there will also be a decrease in the proportion of intense storms. And while there will likely be fewer typhoons, the maximum wind speed of typhoons will increase by 2-11% and rainfall intensity in typhoons will increase by about 20% within 100 km of typhoon centers. Sea level will continue to rise by 1.2-5.9 inches by 2030, causing additional storm surges and coastal flooding. Finally, the acidity of sea water will continue to increase, further impacting the health of reef ecosystems.[4]

Learn more about Climate & Climate Impacts in FSM:

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History & Way of Life


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Want to know how to add photos to this gallery? Please see the Photo Gallery Tutorial.

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Tell Your Climate Story

You can share a story about how climate change is affecting your community in two ways

Add a Story using Facebook

Or Create a New Wiki Page with Pictures and Links

  1. Create a new wiki page
  2. Give it a title that includes your name
  3. Tag your page as Pohnpei story.
  4. Tell us your story (you can even include pictures and links!)

Your new page will appear in the list of Pohnpei Climate Stories here:

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  1. ^ http://www.fsmgov.org/info/people.html
  2. ^ Federated States of Micronesia National Weather Service Office, Australian Bureau of Meteorology, & Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization. (2011). Changes in the Climate of the Federated States of Micronesia. Pacific Climate Change Science Program: Australia.
  3. ^ (Federated States of Micronesia National Weather Service Office, et al., 2011)
  4. ^ (Federated States of Micronesia National Weather Service Office, et al., 2011)