Lotu wo, Welcome to the Kosrae Community Page


In the Beginning
from Mr. Harvey Segal's "Sleeping Lady Awakens"
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The Sleeping Lady; courtesy of Winton Clarence

A section of the great Pacific Tectonic Plate, later to be called the Caroline Plate, shifted some 3,000, 000 years ago. The hot spot that previously allowed the creation of Pohnpei became active again. The hot magma pushed up from somewhere near the planet’s center, up on itself in a boiling frenzy as it inched year by year to the ocean’s surface. Nor did it stop there. Hot streams of lava rolled down its sides as it climbed higher and higher, more than 2,000 feet above the sea.

No living man was there to record this cataclysmic birth; it would be thousands of centuries before geologists would decipher the events. In fact, no fish, no bird, no plant, no life could live near the steaming mass of rock. After many years, the Tectonic Plate shifted again and the volcano quieted.

For centuries, the volcanic mass stood weathering storm after storm. Rising and falling seas climbed up its sides and then subsided as glacial ages passed. Hot sun baked and cracked the black rocks; rain cooled and further split them. Rivers began to form as the land was slowly sculptured by the nature’s forces.

The silence was great as if anticipating the great drama that was to follow. This was the beginning of this island we call Kosrae (pronounced Ko-shry). Kosrae has many other names as well. However, the people who first found it used no other, but Kosrae.

About the Sleeping Lady

Read about the Sleeping Lady of Kosrae at http://www.comfsm.fm/~dleeling/ub/2003/sruenifasstory.html
More about the Sleeping Lady of Kosrae at http://www.kosrae.com/ThingsToDo_SleepingLadyMountain.aspx



Kosrae State, Federated States of Micronesia

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Flag of Kosrae; courtesy of Wikimedia
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Map of Kosrae; courtesy of Wikimedia

Capital: Tofol
Population: 7,700 (2010)[1]
Land Area: 108 sq km (41.7 sq mi)
Languages: Kosraean, English
Indigenous Ethnicities: Kosraean (Micronesian)
Greetings: Lotu wo (formal)(informal)

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Environment


Climate & Climate Impacts

FSM has two seasons -- a dry season from November to April and a wet season from May to October. The region sees very little seasonal variation in temperature, with only a 3 degree Fahrenheit difference between the average hottest and coolest months. The climate in FSM depends on three phenomena: the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), the West Pacific Monsoon, and El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO).

Climate varies from year to year due to ENSO, the a natural fluctuation between El Nino and La Nina that occurs across the tropical Pacific and affects weather globally. El Nino brings more rainfall during wet seasons and even less rainfall during dry seasons. La Nina brings above average rainfall during dry seasons. The West Pacific Monsoon is caused by large differences in temperature bwetween the land and the ocean. It tens to affects Chuuk and Yap more than Pohnpei and Kosrae, bringing more rain to east FSM during El Nino and less rain in a more western position during La Nina. The movement of the ITCZ -- a band of heavy rainfall caused by air rising over warm water over the equator -- affects rainfall in FSM. Wet season occurs when the ITCZ moves north closer to FSM. The ITCZ also results in less rainfall during El Nino and more during La Nina.[2]

Data shows that temperatures have increased in Pohnpei since 1952 (about 0.19 degrees Fahrenheit per decade), consistent with the global pattern of warming. There is also a clear decreasing trend in annual and wet season rainfall since 1950; however, there is no clear trend in dry season patterns. Satellite data indicates the sea level has risen in FSM by over 0.39 inches per year since 1993; although this higher rate of rise may be partially related to natural fluctuations caused by ENSO. Finally, ocean acidification increasing. Data shows that since the 18th century, the level of ocean acidification has been slowly increasing in FSM waters.[3]

Scientists are expecting that annual average air and sea surface temperatures will continue to increase by up to 1.8-1.9 degrees Fahrenheit. That means more very hot days and a decline in cooler weather. Rainfall patterns will continue to change -- while global climate models are not showing consistent results, scientists are expecting less frequent droughts and more extreme rainfall days more often. It is likely that there will also be a decrease in the proportion of intense storms. And while there will likely be fewer typhoons, the maximum wind speed of typhoons will increase by 2-11% and rainfall intensity in typhoons will increase by about 20% within 100 km of typhoon centers. Sea level will continue to rise by 1.2-5.9 inches by 2030, causing additional storm surges and coastal flooding. Finally, the acidity of sea water will continue to increase, further impacting the health of reef ecosystems.[4]

Learn more about Climate & Climate Impacts in FSM:

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History & Way of Life

Education


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Photo Gallery

Want to know how to add photos to this gallery? Please see the Photo Gallery Tutorial.

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Tell Your Climate Story

You can share a story about how climate change is affecting your community in two ways

Add a Story using Facebook


Or Create a New Wiki Page with Pictures and Links

  1. Create a new wiki page
  2. Give it a title that includes your name
  3. Tag your page as Kosrae story.
  4. Tell us your story (you can even include pictures and links!)

Your new page will appear in the list of Kosrae Climate Stories here.

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  1. ^ http://www.fsmgov.org/info/people.html
  2. ^ Federated States of Micronesia National Weather Service Office, Australian Bureau of Meteorology, & Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization. (2011). Changes in the Climate of the Federated States of Micronesia. Pacific Climate Change Science Program: Australia.
  3. ^ (Federated States of Micronesia National Weather Service Office, et al., 2011)
  4. ^ (Federated States of Micronesia National Weather Service Office, et al., 2011)