E komo mai
, Welcome to the Hawaii Community Page.

Kumulipo
The Creation Chant
hanalei.jpg
Hanalei, present; courtesy of Adam Rose

‘O ke au i kahuli wela ka honua
At the time that turned the heat of the earth, (When space turned around, the earth heated)
‘O ke au i kahuli lole ka lani
At the time when the heavens turned and changed, (When space turned over, the sky
reversed)
‘O ke au i kuka’iaka ka lā
At the time when the light of the sun was subdued (When the sun appeared standing in shadows)
E ho‘omālamalama i ka malama
To cause light to break forth, (To cause light to make bright the moon)
‘O ke au o Makali’i ka pō
At the time of the night of winter (When the Pleiades are small eyes in the night,)
‘O ka walewale ho‘okumu honua ia
Then began the slime which established the earth, (From the source in the slime was the earth formed)
‘O ke kumu o ka lipo, i lipo ai
The source of deepest darkness. (From the source in the dark was darkness formed)
‘O ke kumu o ka pō, i pō ai
(From the source in the night was night formed)
‘O ka lipolipo, o ka lipolipo
Of the depth of darkness, of the depth of darkness, (From the depths of the darkness, darkness so deep)
‘O ka lipo o ka lā, o ka lipo o ka pō
Of the darkness of the sun, in the depth of night, (Darkness of day, darkness of night)
Pō wale ho'i
It is night, (Of night alone)
Hānau ka pō
So was night born. (Did night give birth.) [1] [2]

About the Kumulipo

The most appropriate way to begin a discussion on the Hawaiian perspective of the environment is with the creation chant, the Kumulipo. This chant describes both our perspective on and relationship to our environment. Through its description of how the elements of the land and ocean—from seaweeds and grasses to trees, fish, and kalo—were born, it teaches nā kānaka, the Hawaiian people, that our land and oceans are living beings and homes of living gods. It also tells of how nā kānaka are instructed by the gods to be the caretakers of all living beings.



Hawaii

Hawai‘i Nei
hawaiiflag.png
Flag of Hawaii; courtesy of Wikimedia
Map_of_Hawaii_NA.jpg
Map of Hawaii; courtesy of Wikimedia

Capital: Honolulu (O‘ahu)
Population: 1,374,810 (2011)[3]
Land Area: 28,311 sq km (10,931 sq mi)
Languages: English, Hawaiian (official)
Indigenous Ethnicities: Hawaiian (Polynesian)
Greetings: Aloha

Back to the Top

Environment


Climate & Climate Impacts


History & Way of Life

The earliest habitation of the Hawaiian Islands supported by archaeological evidence dates to as early as 300 BCE, probably by Polynesian settlers from the Marquesas. Local chiefs, called ali‘i, ruled their settlements and launched wars to defend their communities. Each of the eight major islands were ruled by individual ali‘i nui (ruling chiefs) until Kamehameha I unified the islands in 1810. In the mid-1800s, Protestant, Catholic and Latter-Day Saint missionaries converted many Hawaiians to Christianity. Their influence ended ancient practices, and Kamehameha III was the first Christian king.

Haole (foreign) influence was pervasive throughout the kingdom. By the late 1880s, while King Kalākaua associated with many American businessmen and advisers, other American businessmen developed sugar and pineapple plantations. Labor was imported from abroad -- the first laborers arrived from China in 1850, followed by Japanese laborers in 1868, Portuguese laborers in 1878, Puerto Rican laborers in 1899, Korean laborers in 1903, and Filipino laborers in 1906. The Kingdom of Hawai‘i remained sovereign until 1893, when the monarchy was overthrown by those American (and some European) businessmen. It was an independent republic from 1894 until 1898, when it was annexed by the United States as a territory.

Over the next 60 years, the political and economic climate of Hawai‘i changed. Production in the sugar and pineapple plantations began to slow in the 1950s. Large plantation owners in the local Republican party were ousted by the decedents of immigrant laborers in the Democratic party. Hawai‘i residents began campaigning for statehood and in March 1959, Congress passed the Hawaii Admission Act. After statehood, Hawai‘i quickly modernized via construction and rapidly growing tourism economy. Daily life in Hawai‘i today is a mix of modern American life, mixed with traces of Hawai‘i’s missionary and plantation history as well as traditions brought by modern migration groups.

Education

Hawaii public schools are unified under one State Education Agency, divided into 15 complex areas. The Hawaii DOE oversees 286 schools (167 elementary, 37 middle, 33 high, 17 multi-level, 31 charter, 1 special) with 178,649 students (2010; 99,789 elementary, 78,860 secondary) and 11,261 classroom teachers. About 10% (18,012 students; 2010) of public school students in Hawaii are English Language Learners.[4]
Most Hawaii private schools are organized under the Hawaii Association of Independent Schools (HAIS). In 2010, approximately 34,845 students (16,085 elementary, 18,760 secondary) attend 101 private schools (63 on Oahu, 17 on Hawaii Island, 14 on Maui, 5 on Kauai, 2 on Molokai). [5]

Hawaii is home to several institutes of higher education. The University of Hawaii system includes 3 university campuses and 7 community colleges. Major private universities include Chaminade University of Honolulu, Brigham Young University–Hawaii, and Hawaii Pacific University.

Back to the Top

Photo Gallery

Want to know how to add photos to this gallery? Please see the Photo Gallery Tutorial.

On_the_Road_to_Waikiki,_Oahu_1890.jpg
Honolulu, 1890
diamondhead.jpg
Honolulu, present; courtesy of Daniel Ramirez
Kanaka_Maoli_Ohana,_HI_1896.jpg
Oahu, 1896; courtesy of Wikimedia Commons
lahaina.jpg
Lahaina, present; courtesy of Matt McGee
hawaii_gardenofthegods.jpg
Keahiakawelo, Lanai; courtesy of cbarros

















Back to the Top

Tell Your Climate Story

You can share a story about how climate change is affecting your community in two ways

Add a Story using Facebook


Or Create a New Wiki Page with Pictures and Links

  1. Create a new wiki page
  2. Give it a title that includes your name
  3. Tag your page as Hawaii story.
  4. Tell us your story (you can even include pictures and links!)

Your new page will appear in the list of Hawaii Climate Stories here.

Back to the Top
  1. ^ Translation: (An Account of the Creation of the World according to Hawaiian Tradition by Lili‘uokalani of Hawai‘i, 1897)
  2. ^ Translation in parentheses: (Kumulipo Hawaiian Hymn of Creation, Vol. I, by Rubellite Kawena Johnson, 1981, Topgallant Publishing Co., Ltd, Honolulu, Hawai‘i)
  3. ^ US Census Bureau 2011 Population Estimates: http://www.census.gov/popest/data/state/totals/2011/index.html
  4. ^ http://arch.k12.hi.us/state/superintendent_report/sar2010.html
  5. ^ http://www.hais.org/member_list.asp